Category: Health Sciences

How can an educational intervention promote healthy eating habits during pregnancy?

The present study evaluated an intervention involving the use of regional foods during pregnancy based on a clinical trial. The intervention group (educational booklet) presented a statistically significant association in comparison with the control group (pregnant women who received nutritional orientation during low-risk prenatal care) and increased knowledge, attitudes and practices regarding regional foods. The results show that the intervention is recommended for promoting healthy eating. Read More →

Do you know excess energy intake by western diet may lead to inflammation and even apoptosis?

Researchers concluded that Western diet causes endogenous oxidative DNA damage depending on excessive energy intake, activate PARP-1 and form molecules in the pathway, which lead to inflammation. In excess, it may result in apoptosis. Continued consumption of this diet may trigger the development of a variety of diseases, including cancer. Read More →

Surgically assisted rapid maxillary expansion may cause changes in periodontal tissue

The study had as objective to evaluated the periodontal status of adults submitted to surgically assisted rapid maxillary expansion. The clinical attachment level, gingival recession, attached gingiva and bleeding were evaluated on the premolars, molars and incisors, before and at 5 days and 6 months after surgery. The surgically assisted rapid maxillary expansion may cause changes in the periodontal tissue. Read More →

Does sleep quality help adolescents absorb material covered at school?

A study about the association between the perception of sleep quality and absorbing material addressed in the classroom showed that the adolescents who reported having slept poorly were more likely to have difficulty absorbing the subjects addressed at school, regardless of gender, age, time of day at school, study time outside the classroom, and the amount of hours slept. Read More →

How can a phone call reduce anxiety levels in cancer patients?

The study evaluated the efficacy of a phone call intervention conducted by a nurse to reduce the anxiety levels of cancer patients undergoing radiotherapy treatment. The results proved the decrease of anxiety levels after the phone calls (p<0.027) in patients from the intervention group. Read More →

The radicality of helplessness for refugee mothers

The challenge faced by researchers in the development of a model for psychological care to African mothers who have recently taken refuge in Brazil exposed not only the need for professional training of the staff but also the lack of hospitality provided by the Brazilian women in an institutional shelter for mothers under social vulnerability conditions. Read More →

Will the Brazilian Unified Healthcare System (SUS) survive another 30 years?

In this troubled year of 2018, Brazil celebrates two ephemerides: the 30 years of the Magna Carta, the Citizen Constitution, and the 30 years of the Health Unified System (SUS – Sistema Único de Saúde). To celebrate this latest date, the journal Ciência e Saúde Coletiva (vol. 23, no.6) presents a very rich and diverse collection of materials that discusses the advances, limitations and challenges faced by SUS over the last three decades. In this thematic edition, the Unified Health System is scrutinized in the most different ways regarding its qualities and deficiencies. Read More →

Can inadequate introduction of food into an infant’s diet lead to unhealthy consequences?

A study on the frequency of breastfeeding and the introduction of complementary feeding in children aged 0-24 months in the city of Montes Claros (MG) pointed inadequate dietary practices that may directly affect the benefits of breastfeeding and bring harmful consequences for children’s health in the short and long term. Read More →

Proven effectiveness of bag baths on the microbial load of the skin of inpatients

The study estimated the effectiveness of bag baths on the microbial load of the skin of inpatients to be 90%, whereas in traditional bed baths it was 20%, due to colonization in 80% of the participants; two by methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). Read More →

What is the relationship between milk and sugar-sweetened beverages intake and body mass index of adolescents?

Research with references from medical literature related to the consumption of non-alcoholic sugar-sweetened beverages and milk as associated with body mass index in adolescents showed no consensus between the 30 studies evaluated and a lack of national articles on the subject. Read More →