Category: Health Sciences

Is there aesthetic difference between the different orthodontic wires used with porcelain braces?

Study evaluated people’s opinion regarding the aesthetics of orthodontic wires when using porcelain braces. The results showed that the population perceives differences between the metallic wires and those covered by aesthetic materials, preferring the coated wires. Read More →

Can asymmetries in the smile be corrected with Orthodontics?

Tooth inclination resulting from occlusal plane canting may compromise smile esthetics and lead to functional problems. Skeletal anchorage, a new treatment technique, may be used to correct these asymmetries, previously only treated by means of procedures that are either more invasive surgically or more complex mechanically. Read More →

Does exposure to air pollutants cause hospitalization for respiratory diseases?

Study aimed to identify an association between exposure to air pollutants (more specifically fine particulate matter) and hospitalizations for respiratory diseases in children aged up to 10 years. The researchers found an association between exposure to this material and an increased risk of hospitalization for girls, but not a significant one for boys. Read More →

A study highlights predictors of quality of life among individuals with chronic wounds

The study evaluated quality of life among individuals with chronic wounds who were followed-up at homecare setting managed by primary health care service and specialized outpatient service in the city of Teresina, Piauí, Brazil. Results showed that variables duration, etiology, wound extension, and aspects may cause negative impact on a patient’s lifestyle. Read More →

Ventilator-associated pneumonia: how to prevent?

Ventilator-associated pneumonia consists of a severe problem related with health care. To adopt measures for prevention of this condition is extremely important for patients’ safety. This study was conducted at Federal University of Sao Paulo. The objective of the study was to evaluate health professionals’ adherence to specific preventive measures for pneumonia. Read More →

Food and Nutrition Policies from Lula to Temer: from strengthening to weakening in times of institutional ruptures

A study analyzed the public policies of food and nutrition in Brazil between the Lula and Temer governments, through bibliographical and documentary research. The findings evidenced an expansion and qualification of these public policies, mainly in the Lula and Dilma governments, with setbacks in the Temer government. Read More →

What is the current situation of the Brazilian nutritionist’s job market after 80 years?

The research investigated the job market of the nutritionist in the last decade, addressing the expansion of the number of professionals and working conditions. It evidenced a significant increase in the number of professionals and in the possibilities of action, however, it highlights the need for improvements in the wage and the working hours. Read More →

Why are vaccines important for physicians and medical students?

The study sought to identify medical students’ and physicians’ perceptions with regard to the importance of vaccines and the risks of refusing vaccines. The results showed that although the two groups recognize the importance of vaccines, medical students and physicians do not adequately get themselves vaccinated. Furthermore, they have doubts about vaccine schedules, vaccine safety and vaccine refusal. Read More →

Can schizophrenia be prevented?

Schizophrenia is one of the most severe and disabling mental disorders and its effective treatment remains challenging. Patients often present devastating impacts in their quality of life and the disorder diagnosis commonly evokes a corrosive pessimism even among health professionals. The article reviews the history of the debates around this possible prevention. Read More →

Is physical exercise beneficial even in malnutrition?

It was demonstrated that physical exercise have benefits against malnutrition. Weight loss, known as the biggest feature of malnutrition, was reversed. Oxidative stress markers in the liver and blood, and liver health indicators that are known to be affected by malnutrition were also improved. Yet, how could exercise be beneficial to a “sick” organism? Read More →