Category: Health Sciences

Will the Brazilian Unified Healthcare System (SUS) survive another 30 years?

In this troubled year of 2018, Brazil celebrates two ephemerides: the 30 years of the Magna Carta, the Citizen Constitution, and the 30 years of the Health Unified System (SUS – Sistema Único de Saúde). To celebrate this latest date, the journal Ciência e Saúde Coletiva (vol. 23, no.6) presents a very rich and diverse collection of materials that discusses the advances, limitations and challenges faced by SUS over the last three decades. In this thematic edition, the Unified Health System is scrutinized in the most different ways regarding its qualities and deficiencies. Read More →

Can inadequate introduction of food into an infant’s diet lead to unhealthy consequences?

A study on the frequency of breastfeeding and the introduction of complementary feeding in children aged 0-24 months in the city of Montes Claros (MG) pointed inadequate dietary practices that may directly affect the benefits of breastfeeding and bring harmful consequences for children’s health in the short and long term. Read More →

Proven effectiveness of bag baths on the microbial load of the skin of inpatients

The study estimated the effectiveness of bag baths on the microbial load of the skin of inpatients to be 90%, whereas in traditional bed baths it was 20%, due to colonization in 80% of the participants; two by methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). Read More →

What is the relationship between milk and sugar-sweetened beverages intake and body mass index of adolescents?

Research with references from medical literature related to the consumption of non-alcoholic sugar-sweetened beverages and milk as associated with body mass index in adolescents showed no consensus between the 30 studies evaluated and a lack of national articles on the subject. Read More →

Which region of the TMJ disc we find the highest concentration of stresses when a orthopedic chin cup is installed?

The orthopedic chin cup is described in the literature since the beginning of the 19th century as an apparatus capable of inhibiting mandibular growth in young prognathic patients. This study carried out by means of computer simulation, allows clinical orthodontists to know the stresses of tension and comprehension induced in the TMJ disc by this therapy. Read More →

What is the level of scientific evidence on Delta hepatitis in Brazil?

Cases of hepatitis Delta are frequently registered in Brazil, mainly in the Amazon region, where the infection is related to deaths from fulminant hepatitis and severe outcomes, such as cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma. The disease has few treatment options, requiring continuous efforts from the scientific community to formulate new alternatives. Read More →

Mobile technology application facilitates data collection for health professionals

Study developed a mobile technology application to collect data from health professionals in the Family Health Strategy Program to investigate the time and movement/mobility involved in performing care interventions/activities. The application potentialized data collection, facilitating the stages of data registration and storage, maintenance of information integrity, data transmission and storage, information organization and processing, and a greater security in the analysis of results. Read More →

The mandible position has influence in getting a job position?

The research compared the perception of orthodontists, oral and maxillofacial surgeons, visual artists and lay people when assessing the impact of mandible’s sagittal position, in lateral view, on face attractiveness, employability and on the socio-economic profile perception. The profiles considered more attractive were also the ones pointed out as more likely to being hired for a job and with better socio-economic condition. Read More →

Young homosexual and bisexual men who were victims of violence have higher vulnerability to HIV

A study conducted with young homosexual and bisexual men who experienced repeated aggression situations throughout childhood and adolescence indicated increased vulnerability to HIV infection. Different forms of violence can cause preconditions that favor the non-use of sexual protection in this population. Read More →

Barriers to physical activity practice by overweight women during leisure time

A study on factors related to physical inactivity was conducted at the Federal University of Bahia, where the authors found disturbing levels of physical inactivity in overweight women during their leisure time. The individual characteristics and environmental factors were considered the main reasons for these results. Read More →