Category: Health Sciences

Does facial skeletal asymmetries have the same components in Class I, II, and III individuals?

The term facial asymmetry is used when there is an imbalance regarding the homologous parts of the dentofacial complex, affecting the proportion between the structures. This study highlights how symmetry significantly influences facial appearance and analyzes different patient groups showing different intensities of asymmetry. Read More →

Malocclusion, bullying and oral health-related quality of life: are they associated?

This study investigated the presence of malocclusion and bullying and the effect of these factors in oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) of Brazilian adolescents. As result, bullying and previous orthodontic treatment had a statistically significant association with OHRQoL, demonstrating the psychosocial importance of orthodontic treatment. Read More →

Parenteral nutrition administered by familial caregivers at home: Is it possible?

This study aimed to present the experience of training familial caregivers how to use parenteral nutrition at home for children and adolescents participating in a multi-professional intestinal rehabilitation program at a university hospital. The project concluded that such a practice is feasible in the public health system in Brazil. Read More →

What are the challenges to prevent suicide among Brazilian children and adolescents?

Scientific evidences have pointed out for the increase of suicides among children and adolescents worldwide, including Brazil. This study presents risk factors related with this phenomenon, as well as reflections that can indicate pathways to support suicide preventions among this specific population. Read More →

Is there aesthetic difference between the different orthodontic wires used with porcelain braces?

Study evaluated people’s opinion regarding the aesthetics of orthodontic wires when using porcelain braces. The results showed that the population perceives differences between the metallic wires and those covered by aesthetic materials, preferring the coated wires. Read More →

Can asymmetries in the smile be corrected with Orthodontics?

Tooth inclination resulting from occlusal plane canting may compromise smile esthetics and lead to functional problems. Skeletal anchorage, a new treatment technique, may be used to correct these asymmetries, previously only treated by means of procedures that are either more invasive surgically or more complex mechanically. Read More →

Does exposure to air pollutants cause hospitalization for respiratory diseases?

Study aimed to identify an association between exposure to air pollutants (more specifically fine particulate matter) and hospitalizations for respiratory diseases in children aged up to 10 years. The researchers found an association between exposure to this material and an increased risk of hospitalization for girls, but not a significant one for boys. Read More →

A study highlights predictors of quality of life among individuals with chronic wounds

The study evaluated quality of life among individuals with chronic wounds who were followed-up at homecare setting managed by primary health care service and specialized outpatient service in the city of Teresina, Piauí, Brazil. Results showed that variables duration, etiology, wound extension, and aspects may cause negative impact on a patient’s lifestyle. Read More →

Ventilator-associated pneumonia: how to prevent?

Ventilator-associated pneumonia consists of a severe problem related with health care. To adopt measures for prevention of this condition is extremely important for patients’ safety. This study was conducted at Federal University of Sao Paulo. The objective of the study was to evaluate health professionals’ adherence to specific preventive measures for pneumonia. Read More →

Food and Nutrition Policies from Lula to Temer: from strengthening to weakening in times of institutional ruptures

A study analyzed the public policies of food and nutrition in Brazil between the Lula and Temer governments, through bibliographical and documentary research. The findings evidenced an expansion and qualification of these public policies, mainly in the Lula and Dilma governments, with setbacks in the Temer government. Read More →