Category: Health Sciences

Pregnant women treated with continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion have better glycemic control

Photograph of a pregnant woman with hands on her belly.

In a comparison of maternal-fetal outcomes among T1D patients treated with continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion (CSII) or multiple daily injections during pregnancy, a higher frequency of cesarean and a lower occurrence of congenital malformations group were observed in the CSII. Adjusted results might indicate that these are influenced by glycemic control. Read More →

Central fat accumulation in women with polycystic ovary syndrome evaluated by different methods

Stock photo. A person wears a tape measure around her body. She is wearing a beige underwear.

In women with polycystic ovary syndrome and normal body mass index, both dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry and the adiposity indices, visceral adiposity index and lipid accumulation product, are the most sensitive methods to evaluate total body fat and fat accumulation in the central abdominal region. Read More →

Stratifying hypoechogenicity into 3 degrees improves ultrasound thyroid nodule risk stratification

Collage of four ultrasound images. Arrows point to the hypoechoic nodules in different degrees.

The analysis of different degrees of hypoechogenicity in thyroid nodules shows that the classification into three grades (mild, moderate, and severe) allows for better differentiation between benign and malignant nodules. The method can avoid unnecessary invasive procedures, in addition to improving efficiency and accuracy in the evaluation of thyroid nodules. Read More →

Electrocardiogram in the Pre-Exercise Evaluation of Children and Adolescents

Photo of a person lying on a hospital bed. He has no shirt and electrodes attached to his body. Next to the stretcher, an electrocardiograph producing a paper with the patient's heartbeat.

The electrocardiogram (ECG) has a crucial role in the early identification of risks, particularly in children and adolescents. Detection of cardiac alterations in 3.3% of asymptomatic participants, despite no personal or family history of heart disease, highlights the importance of ECG in ensuring the cardiac well-being of young individuals. Read More →

Serum magnesium concentrations one day after total thyroidectomy are predictors for calcium replacement

Graph. Receiver Operating Characteristic (ROC) curve for the magnesium concentration in the first postoperative day as a predictor of the need for calcium replacement.

The ability of serum magnesium (Mg) (measured on the first postoperative day; Mg1PO) to predict the need for calcium (Ca) replacement, was assessed in patients undergoing total thyroidectomy (TT). In this group of subjects, serum Mg1PO was identified as the isolated predictor for the need for Ca replacement. Read More →

Anthropometric measurements associated with the length of incarceration of people deprived of liberty

Photo of a cell full of men. We can see only arms and clothes stretched out between the bars.

Waist circumference is associated with length of incarceration and directly influences the development of chronic noncommunicable diseases. Thus, its identification in the incarcerated population can contribute to the development of public policies aimed at this invisible and vulnerable population. Read More →

Evidence for the care of children and adolescents with epidermolysis bullosa

A child on his back holding a teddy bear. In the background is a woman sitting next to a health professional. They are sitting and looking at a clipboard that the health worker is holding.

The management of care for epidermolysis bullosa is a challenge for nursing care given the complexity and variety of its manifestations that require certain knowledge and skills from professionals in order to deal with the pediatric public and their families in the hospital setting. Read More →

Social factors and lack of antenatal care are related to a higher risk of prematurity

Photo of a baby lying in the incubator.

Social factors and inadequate antenatal care are related to a higher risk of prematurity. Municipalities should plan actions to expand the coverage and quality of antenatal care in order to prevent premature births and avoid diseases and health complications for mothers and babies. Read More →

Evaluation of technology for preventing surgical site infection

Text in portuguese: “Toalhas impregnadas com gluconato de clorexidina na prevenção da infecção do sítio cirúrgico: ensaio clínico randomizado piloto”, “Fernanda de Oliveira Andrade” and “Vanessa de Brito Poveda”.

Surgical site infections affect the recovery of patients and exert impact on the health and lives of those affected. Among the possible practices for preventing surgical wound infection, the use of chlorhexidine gluconate-impregnated disposable cloth in the preoperative preparation of the skin of patients did not show benefits. Read More →

Chatbot assists nurses in the assessment of arteriovenous fistula in hemodialysis patients

Two screenshots of a conversation with the FAViana chatbot arranged side by side. On the left, the chat logo, a smiling robot. In the text, the virtual assistant introduces herself and asks the person some information about arteriovenous fistulas.

The content of a protocol for assessment of fistula maturation was used to build the knowledge base of a chatbot called “FAViana”. The chatbot prototype will offer an innovative alternative for the implementation of the nursing process in the care of nephrological patients. Read More →