Tag: Medicine

Homeostasis model assessment is negatively associated with the clamp-derived insulin sensitivity index in adolescents

Photo: a hand holding a glucose meter and pointing to a finger of the other hand. In the background, a glucose monitor.

The increase in the prevalence of type 2 diabetes and metabolic syndrome in children and adolescents is a health concern. Therefore, a valid and accessible method of assessing insulin resistance in this age group must be developed to monitor its progression and identifying adolescents at risk of developing associated factors. Read More →

HPV infection may not be responsible for prostate cancer, but it’s better to prevent

Photo of a man lying on a hospital equipment. Two health professionals are beside him. A metal plate is over the man's body.

Since effective vaccines against HPV already exist, understanding the dynamics between papillomavirus and prostate cancer is relevant because it can contribute to the development of strategies for prevention and early diagnosis, although prospective analysis does not clearly demonstrate a relationship. Read More →

Improvements in colonoscopy performance help prevent and treat colorectal cancer

Composition: photo of a person lying down being seen by three health professionals. Blue frame in the upper left corner with the text "Quality indicators in colonoscopy: Observational study in a supplementary health system" and link.

Colonoscopy plays an essential role in detecting and diagnosing lesions and tumors of the colorectal mucosa. The quality of the equipment used, the colonoscopist’s technical knowledge and practical skills interfere directly with the effectiveness of the procedure and an analysis of these indicators may reveal opportunities for positive interventions and the improvement of results. Read More →

Cellular regeneration process with porcine skin does not present risks of immunological rejection

Photo: Piece of pork skin, irregular shape similar to a rectangle, sort of yellowish.

Results of the analyzed protocol indicate the viability of the biomaterial for application in regenerative medicine, reducing incompatibility problems in graft and transplant recipients. Aspect and quality of the material obtained provided positive results in cell culture and proliferation, but the decellularization process still needs optimization to minimize hydrogel cytotoxicity. Read More →

Epidemiology and risk factors of hypoglycemia in type 1 diabetes in Brazil

Photo or composition. A cell phone and a blood glucose meter kit (two cylindrical objects, a round jar and the monitor with two buttons). Solid orange background.

Factors associated with hypoglycemia and severe hypoglycemia (SH) in individuals with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1D) in Brazil shows that avoiding high doses of basal insulin and educating individuals about alcohol consumption and its consequence on glycemic control are simple measures that can contribute to reducing SH events. Read More →