Tag: Archives Of Endocrinology And Metabolism

Multifocality and LN metastasis are independent risk factors for incomplete response in TMC patients

Man getting ultrasound of a thyroid from doctor in hospital

This was a retrospective study that aimed at identifying possible risk factors associated with an incomplete response to therapy in thyroid microcarcinoma (TMC) treated with total thyroidectomy, with or without radioactive iodine (RAI) therapy, reclassified according to the response to treatment into “favorable” (excellent/indeterminate) or “unfavorable” (biochemical/structural incomplete) responses. Read More →

Results from the ELSA-Brasil trial shows the incidence of thyroid diseases in the country

Results from ELSA-Brasil trial showed a high incidence of hypothyroidism, which is compatible with a country with a more-than-adequate iodine intake. The low women: men ratio of the incidence of thyroid dysfunction highlights the importance of the diagnosis of thyroid diseases among men in the country. Read More →

Isthmic nodules have similar US and cytopathological features and tumor characteristics to non-isthmic ones

Patients who underwent thyroidectomy were retrospectively reviewed. Group-1 (isthmic) and Group-2 (lober; non-isthmic) were compared. Isthmic nodules appear to be indolent because of having lower malignancy rate. The surgery with limited extent or follow-up might seem to be reliable in the management of patients having isthmic nodules especially with indeterminate cytology. Read More →

Study shows clinical value of TGFB1 and its receptors (TGFBR1 and TGFBR2) in thyroid nodules

This trial showed that SNPs rs1800472 and rs1800469 were associated with characteristics of PTC aggressiveness. TGFB1 mRNA expression was upregulated in PTC and downregulated in benign samples. TGFBR1 mRNA expression was upregulated in goiter and PTC, but downregulated in FA. On the other hand, TGFBR2 was downregulated in all histological types analyzed. Read More →

Serum calcitonin levels shows more sensitivity than cytopathology for the medullary thyroid cancer diagnosis

In the present study, serum calcitonin levels were more sensitive than cytopathology for diagnosis of medullary thyroid cancer (MTC) and were able to identify all patients who could not be diagnosed by FNAB. Besides, Bethesda category III was more prevalent in the group of patients carrying this neoplasm. Read More →

The inclusion of BRAFV600E mutational status has a limited impact on risk stratification in papillary thyroid carcinoma

Although the prognostic role of BRAFV600E mutation in papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) is controversial, the American Thyroid Association (ATA) includes the mutational status in their risk stratification system. The present study aimed to evaluate the impact of the BRAFV600E mutation status on risk stratification as well as on disease outcomes in patients with PTC. Read More →

Computerized image analysis detected differences in chromatin in follicular lesions

The present study evaluated whether a computerized image analysis would be able to detect nuclear differences between three thyroid tumor subtypes (NIFTP, IEFVPTC, and IFVPTC). The results point to the possibility of showing differences in the nuclear texture between NIFTP (non-invasive follicular thyroid neoplasm) and IFVPTC (infiltrative follicular variant of papillary thyroid carcinoma), but not for IEFVPTC (tumour capsular invasion). Read More →

Prolonged use of bisphosphonates or drug holiday? Answers remain uncertain

An estimated 162 osteoporosis-related fractures are prevented for each atypical femoral fracture associated with an anti-resorptive medication. However, there are still controversies about the prolonged use of bisphosphonates. Researchers conducted a literature review in search of the best strategy. Read More →