Author: Ciência Rural

Inconsistency of data on dog bites in Naples prevents accurate assessment of the phenomenon

Photo of a golden retriever. He is looking to the left with his mouth open. In the background, blurry bushes and grass.

Dogs are quite popular domestic animals around the world, yet their bite is a major public health problem. From the analysis of data on dog bites in Naples, serious and profound inconsistencies were found, revealing structural and significant weaknesses in the current data collection system. Read More →

Planting trees on degraded pastures might improve the recovery of the soil

Photo of a man in a laboratory. He is standing in front of a table with equipment and a grid with several tubes. He holds one of the tubes with a tool and uses a tool inside the container.

The conversion of degraded pastures to forest legumes and soil depth promoted changes in the chemical composition of carbon. Through chemical carbon fractionation it is possible to detect in a fast and promising way soil chemical changes caused by land use and management techniques. Read More →

Water use in coconut crop can be more efficient during drought with deficit irrigation

Well-lit photo of a coconut tree with at least 10 coconuts on the tree and very wide leaves. On the ground, grass, soil, and two piles of coconuts (about 30 coconuts).

Sustained deficit irrigation can increase the efficiency of water use in dwarf coconut irrigation, but significantly reduces its productivity. The use of this technique is only economically justified in situations of restricted water supply for irrigation, as occurs during droughts in the Brazilian Northeast. Read More →

Mares vaccinated at the end of pregnancy have a higher number of antibodies against equine pyroplasmosis

Photo: adult horse and baby horse walking in a pasture.

Mares vaccinated in the final third of gestation showed higher specific total vaccine antibodies for immunization against Theileria equi and Streptococcus equi subspecies equi, and the antibodies were also transferred to their foals, which may contribute to a vaccination schedule based on foal age that optimizes control against such diseases. Read More →

Evaluation of genetic resistance to brusone in wheat grown in Brazil

Photo: branches of wheat.

In evaluating the resistance of wheat genotypes to brusone, the updated characterization of the reaction to brusone of brazilian wheat cultivars proves to be an important exploratory milestone in the evaluation of the reaction of wheat genotypes, which can help farmers to choose more resistant cultivars to brusone for their crops. Read More →

Analysis brings a retrospect of more than 20 years of hipmagnesemia cases in cows

Vertical horizontal photo. A black-haired cow with two calves on her side. They are in a very green pasture.

When magnesium levels in the blood are low, hypomagnesemia occurs. The disease occurs in ruminants and is responsible for important economic losses in beef herds in Argentina. The analysis of 20 years of cases of this disease demonstrates similarities in patterns of seasonality, management and associated climatic conditions, dietary factors, among others. Read More →

Hybrid grape seeds can inhibit the initial phase of some types of cancer

Hybrid grapes have chemopreventive and antioxidant properties, especially in green seeds, which showed higher content of chemical compounds that contribute to such properties compared to more mature grapes. The discovery opens possibilities for future studies to isolate the active molecule and further develop pharmaceuticals. Read More →

Researchers use drones to identify nematodes

A white drone with a camera in the center and the text "PHANTOM" on the front. Behind, green blurred background and a person standing wearing white clothes.

Soybean is one of the main species of cultivated plants in the world, having an important role in the food sector and as raw material. Several types of stressors cause losses in soybean, such as nematodes. Using drones, the study determined the best spectral band for the detection of two types of nematodes. Read More →

Evaluation of 42 rootstocks behavior in Citriculture

Photograph of a man analyzing a citrus tree seedling in a greenhouse.

Citrus culture is the cultivation of citrus fruits, especially orange and lime. This practice is one of the most important sectors of agribusiness in Brazil and generally utilizes the rootstock technique. The analysis evaluates the behavior of 42 rootstocks of “Valência Late” orange trees during the seedling. The results point to some possible alternatives for new rootstocks that will be field tested. Read More →

Charcoal from slaughterhouse waste and maravalha are a sustainable alternative for domestic use

Photograph of 8 coal samples with different treatments on a white background.

Considering the increase in effluent generation in poultry slaughterhouses in recent years, as a result of the growing demand for chicken meat around the world, combined with the need to develop new forms of renewable energy it was possible to produce charcoal for barbecue using sludge from poultry slaughterhouse and shavings of Pinus spp. Read More →